Psychology Can Help

Sometimes you need someone to talk to...

What treatment is available?

Psychotherapy

In order to be effective, psychotherapy must be directed at the person's specific anxieties and tailored to his or her needs. A typical "side effect" of psychotherapy is temporary discomfort involved with thinking about confronting feared situations.


Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) is a type of psychotherapy that teaches a person different ways of thinking, behaving, and reacting to anxiety-producing and fearful situations. CBT can also help people learn and practice social skills, which is vital for treating social anxiety disorder. It can be conducted individually or with a group of people who have similar problems.


Self-Help or Support Groups

Some people may benefit from joining a self-help or support group and sharing their problems and achievements with others. Internet chat rooms might be useful, but any advice received with caution as acquaintances have usually never seen each other and false identities are common. Talking with a trusted friend or family member can also provide support.


Stress Management Techniques
Stress management techniques and meditation can help people to calm themselves and may enhance the effects of therapy. Since caffeine, certain illicit drugs, and even some over-the-counter cold medications can aggravate the symptoms of anxiety disorders, avoiding them should be considered.

Medication
Medication does not cure anxiety disorders but often relieves symptoms. Medications are sometimes used as the initial treatment of a disorder, or are used only if there is insufficient response to a course of psychotherapy. It is common for patients that are treated with a combination of psychotherapy and medication to have better outcomes than those treated with only one or the other.

Antidepressants are used to treat depression, but they can also be helpful for treating anxiety disorders.

Anti-anxiety medications help reduce the symptoms of anxiety, panic attacks, or extreme fear and worry. The most common anti-anxiety medications are benzodiazepines which are first-line treatments for generalized anxiety disorder. They are usually second-line treatments for panic disorder and social anxiety disorder, after antidepressants.

Beta-blockers are also helpful in the treatment of the physical symptoms of anxiety. Physicians prescribe them to control rapid heartbeat, shaking, trembling, and blushing in anxious situations.