The National Association of School Psychologists defines cyber-bullying as a new form of bullying that makes use of the diverse range of technology now available to harass or intimidate others. It includes email, text, chat room, mobile phones, mobile phone cameras, listservs, blogs, website, Facebook, or internet sites such at YouTube, etc.
It is possible that cyber-bullying causes greater harm than traditional bullying. There is no escape for the targets: bullying is ongoing 24/7. Material can be distributed worldwide and is irretrievable.
The FBI reports 73,400 youth between the ages of 10 and 17 were arrested for a violent crime in 2012. Listed crimes included murder, non-negligent manslaughter, forcible rape, robbery, aggravated assault, and other sexual offenses. For the same. The CDC National Center for Injury Prevention and Control reports during the same year4787 youth between the ages of 10 and 24 were victims of homicide and 599,000 young people had physical assaults treated in emergency rooms. According to a national survey conducted by the National Center for Injury Prevention and Control in 2013, 24.7% of high school students were in a physical fight during the previous 12 months, 17.9% of high school students reported taking a weapon to school in the previous 30 days, 19.6% of high school students reported being bullied on school property, and 14.8% reported being bullied electronically. The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention’s National Survey of Children’s Exposure to Violence conducted in 2011 revealed 54.5% of children and adolescents experienced some sort of physical assault between birth and 17, 24.6% were victims of bullying, 51.8% were victims of emotional bullying, and 10.3% were victims of weapons assault.
The National Center for Injury Prevention and Control estimates that youth homicides and assault-related injuries result in an estimated $16 billion in combined medical, mental health, substance abuse, and work loss costs. In addition, youth violence is estimated to cost billions of dollars each year for expenses related to juvenile and criminal justice services, child welfare services, law enforcement, and other expenses. Both the CDC and the World Health Organization have identified youth violence as a major public health problems.
Youth violence results from a combination of individual, family, peer/social, and community factors. It is a multidimensional problem which can be reduced or prevented through the coordinated efforts of mental health, child welfare, medical, substance abuse, family, school, and community resources.